Friday, 14 October 2011

History of the Quran



History of the Quran

by Syed Abul 'Aala Muadoodi

In this Book, the Holy Prophet's life, the history of the Arabs

and the events which occurred during the period of the revelation

of the Quran have not been mingled with the Divine Verses, as

is the case with the Bible. The Quran is the pure word of God.

Not one word therein is not divine. Not a single word has been

deleted from its text. The Book has been handed down to our age

in its complete and original form since the time of Prophet Muhammad.

From the time the Book began to be revealed, the Holy Prophet

had dictated its text to the scribes. Whenever some Divine Message

was revealed, the Holy Prophet would call a scribe and dictate

its words to him. The written text was then read out to the Holy

Prophet, who, having satisfied himself that the scribe has committed

no error of recording, would put the manuscript in safe custody.

The Holy Prophet used to instruct the scribe about the sequence

in which a revealed message was to be placed in a particular Surah

(chapter). In this manner, the Holy Prophet continued to arrange

the text of the Quran in systematic order till the end of the

chain of revelations. Again, it was ordained from the beginning

of Islam that a recitation of the Holy Quran must be an integral

part of worship. Hence the illustrious Companions would commit

the Divine verses to memory as soon as they were revealed. Many

of them learned the whole text and a far larger number had memorized

different portions of it.

Method of preservations of the Quran during the Prophet's



Besides, those of the Companions (pbut) who were literate used

to keep a written record of several portions of the Holy Qur'an.

In this manner, the text of the Holy Qur'an had been preserved

in four different ways during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (PBUH):

  1. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) had the whole text of the Divine


    Messages from the beginning to the end committed to writing by

    the scribes of revelations.

  2. Many of the Companions learned the whole text of the Qur'an,

    every syllable of it, by heart.

  3. All the illustrious Companions, without an exception, had

    memorized at least some portions of the Holy Qur'an, for the simple

    reason that it was obligatory for them to recite it during worship.

    An estimate of the number of the illustrious Companions may be

    obtained from the fact that one hundred and forty thousands Companions

    had participated in the Last Pilgrimage performed by the Holy

    Prophet (PBUH).

  4. A considerable number of the literate Companions kept a

    private record of the text of the Qur'an and satisfied themselves

    as to the purity of their record by reading it out to the Holy

    Prophet (PBUH).


Method of preservations of the Quran after the demise of the



It is an incontrovertible historical truth that the text of the

Holy Qur'an extant today is, syllable for syllable, exactly the

same as the Holy Prophet (PBUH) had offered to the world as the

Word of God. After the demise of the Holy Prophet, the first Caliph

Hadhrat Abu Bakr (PBUH) assembled all the Huffaz and the written

records of the Holy Qur'an and with their help had the whole text

written in Book form. In the time of Hadhrat 'Uthman (PBUH) copies

of this original version were made and officially dispatched to

the Capitals of the Islamic World. Two Of these copies exist in

the world today, one in Istanbul and the other in Tashkent. Whosoever

is so inclined may compare any printed text of the Holy Qur'an

with those two copies, he shall find no variation. And how can

one expect any discrepancy, when there have existed several million

Huffaz in every generation since the time of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and in our own time? Should anyone alter a syllable of

the original text of the Qur'an, these Huffaz would at once expose

the mistake. In the last century, an Institute of Munich University

in Germany collected FORTY-TWO THOUSAND copies of the Holy Qur'an

including manuscripts and printed texts produced in each period

in the various parts of the Islamic World. Research work was carried

out on these texts for half a century, at the end of which the

researchers concluded that apart from copying mistakes, there

was no discrepancy in the text of these forty-two thousand copies,

even though they belonged to the period between the 1st Century

Hijra to 14th Century Hijra and had been procured from all parts

of the world. This Institute, alas! perished in the bombing attacks

on Germany during World War II, but the findings of its research

project survived. Another point that must be kept in view is that

the word in which the Qur'an was revealed is a living language

in our own time. It is still current as the mother tongue of about

a hundred million people from Iraq to Morocco. In the non-Arab

world too, hundreds of thousands of people study and teach this



The grammar of the Arabic language, its lexicon, its phonetic

system and its phraseology, have remained intact for fourteen

hundred years.


A modern Arabic-speaking person can comprehend the Holy Qur'an

with as much proficiency as did the Arabs of fourteen centuries

ago. This, then, is an important attribute of Muhammad (PBUH),

which is shared by no other Prophet or Leader of Religion. The

Book which God revealed to Him for the guidance of mankind is

today's in its original language without the slightest alteration

in its vocabulary.

Learn Holy Quran because it will be a proof for us muslim on the Day of Judgment.

This is due to the statement of the Messenger: “And the Quran is a proof for you or against you.” [Muslim] so the deputy of every Muslim is to read quran and learn quran with tajweed so one of two things will occur with this proof, the Book of Allah. And this quran education will be in your favor, a proof for us on the Day when we will need every single good deed and learning quran along with doing quran memorization is one of it and to add more spread the quran teaching and spread the kids quran knowledge and listening to quran online and understand the quran tafseer , it will be something standing against us and follow the guidance of or prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, and these good deeds will be a proof against us! Who could be saved from the terrors of that Day if Allah’s own Speech is against him?!?! Think carefully, so reading Arabic Quran and teaching our kids quran qaida with the tafseer of quran  and let the kids memorize quran dear Muslim brother or sister, about your position with the reading Quran! Are you neglecting it, contradicting it, being heedless of its orders and prohibitions, are you thinking deeply over it?! Will it be on your side on the Day of Judgment.? So learn quran recitation! O Allah! We ask you, by Your Glorious Speech and the rest of your beautiful Names and Attributes, to make the Quran a proof for us! So the Quran tutor should let his student know about these facts also,


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