Is Quran the Word of God? Part 9
Who wrote Quran?
During the last few weeks we discussed on many issues whether
Quran was from God or not? From where Muhammad got his revelations? Was
Muhammad a prophet or not? What type of life Muhammad lived etc. This
week we are going to look at 'who wrote Quran?'
Who wrote Quran?:
Muslims say that Bible is not the word of God because it
has no known author or that most of the books of the Bible say, "author
- unknown". But careful study of the Bible suggests that there are
many evidences which indicate that the writers of the Bible were prophets
and apostles themselves. For example the first five books of the Bible
were written by Moses.
Moses writes instructions for the kings of Israel in Deu
17:18-20, "Also it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom,
that he shall write for himself a copy of this law in a book, from the
one before the priests, the Levites. And it shall be with him, and he
shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the
LORD his God and be careful to observe all the words of this law and these
statutes, that his heart may not be lifted above his brethren, that he
may not turn aside from the commandment to the right hand or to the left,
and that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children in
the midst of Israel."
Joshua confirms that there were written Laws with them which
was given by God to Moses. In Joshua 1:7-8, "Only
be strong and very courageous, that you may observe to do according to
all the law which Moses My servant commanded you; do not turn from it
to the right hand or to the left, that you may prosper wherever you go.
This Book of the Law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate
in it day and night, that you may observe to do according to all that
is written in it. For then you will make your way prosperous, and then
you will have good success."
Further we read that Joshua made an altar of the LORD God
as it was written in the Book of the Law of Moses in Josh
8:30-31, "Now Joshua built an altar to the LORD God of Israel in
Mount Ebal, as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded the children
of Israel, as it is written in the Book of the Law of Moses: "an
altar of whole stones over which no man has wielded an iron tool."
And they offered on it burnt offerings to the LORD, and sacrificed peace
Joshua also made a copy of the Book of Law when they reached
the promised land as we read in Josh 8:32, "And
there, in the presence of the children of Israel, he wrote on the stones
a copy of the law of Moses, which he had written."
Further it was confirmed in 2 Chr
17:9 So they taught in Judah, and had the Book of the Law of the LORD
with them." And throughout the Bible we read about the confirmation
that Bible was written by prophets and apostles who had direct contact
Now the question is, who wrote Quran or who was the author
Hadith tells us that Muhammad was illiterate and was unable
to read or write. So of course Muhammad did not write Quran. Muslims claim
that Muhammad dictated the whole Quran to his followers and many of them
memorized the Quranic verses word by word and later they wrote it down.
The bottom line is that no one knows for sure who wrote the Quran.
After the death of Muhammad there was a time when Uthman
the third Caliph of Islam ordered to burn all the copies of Quran except
one. It was believed that there were variations in text and recitation
practice of Quran at that time and so Uthman took this step. According
to Quran and Hadith, Muhammad was the last prophet of Islam. So Uthman
was not a prophet and we do not know whether he kept the valid and original
Quran or destroyed it? We also do not know how he determined which one
was the correct version of Quran?
Muslims claim that Quran was directly given by Allah and
Sheikh Ahmed Deedat the Muslim Scholar and other Muslims have claimed
that Quran is the word of God because it was written in first person speech
unlike Bible, where third person speech is used. But the very first chapter
of Quran is written in the third person speech.
Surah 1:1-7. "In the name of Allah, Most Gracious,
Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the
worlds; Most Gracious, Most Merciful; Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee
do we worship, and Thine aid we seek. Show us the straight way, The way
of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is
not wrath, and who go not astray."
This is not the only one example but there are many Surahs
which are written in third person speech. So if we take the word of Muslim
Scholars, Quran is not the word of God.